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中考英语完形填空的解题技巧

来源::未知 | 作者:admin | 本文已影响
 前面我们已经分析过,完形填空是在全面理解短文基础上的选择填空。因此做“完型填空”题应遵循下列步骤:

  1、通读全文,了解大意

  做这类题目是,首先应该把文章通读一遍,了解一下文章的大概内容。千万不要读一句填一句,因为“完形填空”题里所给的大多数选项填入单句后都可成立,但从全文看又不可取。例如:

  A hot dog is one of the most popular American foods. It was named after frankfurter, a German food.

  You may hear “hot dog” 1 in other ways. People sometimes say “hot dog” to express 2 . For example, a friend may ask 3 you would like to go to the cinema. You might say “Great! I would love to go.” Or, you could say, “4 ! I would love to go.”

  People 5 use the expression to describe (描写)someone who is a “show- off”, who tries to show everyone else how 6 he is. You often hear such 7 called a “hot dog”. He may be a baseball player, for example, who 8 the ball with one hand, making a (n) 9 catch seem more difficult. You know he is a hot dog because when he makes such a catch, he bows (鞠躬) to the crowd, hoping to win their 10 .

  1. A. eaten B. used C. cooked D. picked

  2. A. strength B. practice C. pleasure D. reply

  3. A. if B. how C. when D. where

  4. A. Hot dog B. Don’t worry C. Never mind D. Excuse me

  5. A. ever B. also C. still D. yet

  6. A. hopeful B. careful C. kind D. great

  7. A. a dog B. a land C. a person D. an action

  8. A. catches B. plays C. passes D. throws

  9. A. hard B. funny C. exciting D. easy

  10. A. thanks B. cheers C. medals D. matches

  如果不看后面的文章内容,短文的第一个题所给第四个选项都可以填入空白处,不论是从语法的角度,还是从这个句子的意思完整的角度,都是能够站得住脚的。但如果继续看完这一段短文之后,你就会领悟到,“hot dog”在这里不是“被吃”,“被做”,“被拿”,而是“被使用”,只能选used。

  有些同学一拿到“完形填空”题,就着手去填,填到最后,才发现所选答案语全文的意思不符,不得不在从头开始。费时又费力,还不易做准确,这种方法是不可取的。

  2、瞻前顾后,逐步填空

  了解文章大意之后,就可逐步填空。 一般来说,文章后面所给的选择答案可分三类:一类是语法正确,而意思不对;另一类是意思正确,而语法错误;第三类是语法正确,意思也正确。在选择答案时,一定要考虑到上下文的意思,还要考虑到句子的结构,习惯用法,固定搭配和词类的功能,尽量使选出的答案及复合语法又符合原文的意思。

  3、认真复查,适当调整

  填空全部做完以后,应把短文从头到尾再读一遍,检查一下填空以后的文章是否连贯,情节是否合理,语法结构是否正确。一般来说,如果意思连贯,情节合理,语法结构正确,就意味着选答没有问题;如果发现个别填空使文章文理不通,语法结构有问题,就说明选答不正确。对这样的填空应该认真推敲,进行调整。

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